Drugs used in oncology
Malignant disorders, also called cancers, are an important group of disorders. They constitute a substantial proportion of non-communicable diseases and affect all regions of the world. Cancers, such as of prostate, lung, colon and breast are an important cause of high mortality despite heavy cost. Although with advancement in medical sciences, better treatment options are being devised leading to improved survival rates among patients but their morbidity and mortality still remains high. There are a number of challenges while treating cancers, such as, disease stage at the time of diagnosis, disease behavior, patient characteristics, limited treatment options, expensive treatment, resistance to treatment, potentially lethal adverse effects and disease recurrence. Topics in this module include the drugs used in treating cancer including their mechanisms of action and adverse effects, and general principles of their use.
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