Other Resources


This is a free, online Wordle-like game to help medical and health professionals and students actively recall and learn to correctly spell the international nonproprietary names (INNs) of commonly prescribed drugs. The app can be played in most browsers on a computer, phone, or any other mobile device.

Drugdle applies the principle of educification, an approach to gamification that brings education into the games that learners are already playing. This reduces extraneous cognitive load, as the learners are already familiar with the game rules and environment. Moreover, it allows the selection of game formats that are already proven to engage and keep the interest of the target audience of learners. The widespread popularity of Wordle-format games across age groups and around the world means that most students will already be familiar with and readily engaged by Wordle-format games.

Drugdle is most useful as a learning consolidation tool for medical and health professions students who have already studied a wide range of commonly prescribed drugs. It has been well received when introduced to undergraduate medical students completing their preclinical years, pharmacy students in their penultimate undergraduate year onwards, and Master of Nursing students under training to become advanced practice nurses licensed to prescribe. It is also popular with practising medical and health professionals, especially pharmacists, in continuing education and training.

The Wordle-like format of the game requires students to actively recall drug names and their spelling. The game provides immediate feedback on whether the drug name entered is a correctly spelt INN drug name, as incorrectly spelt names, brand names, and other non-standard drug names entered will receive a “medicine not found” warning message. The option to reveal a hint listing the drug class and examples of indications further prompts learners to actively recall drugs according to their class and clinical usage. Even when they solve the drug name without using the hint, students can be encouraged to use the hint function to revise the drug class and indications. Students can also be encouraged to share their game statistics on class discussion forums or social media to stimulate further discussion of the drugs revised in the game. Narrative evidence from students who have played Drugdle indicates that solving one drug name in the game stimulates active recall of dozens of different drugs.

Bioscience projects: "How to Do It" guides

Resources to support students and staff in the undertaking of final year research/honours/capstone projects.

For staff- a collection of 14, freely available, one page "How to Do It" guides that are designed to support HE staff in their supervision/mentoring of undergraduate final year research/honours/capstone projects.

For students- student-focussed guides to "Choosing your Bioscience Final Year research, Honours or Capstone Project" are now available using this link https://bit.ly/ChoosingBioCapstone.

These guides were produced by David Lewis (University of Leeds, UK), and they cover both traditional and non-traditional projects.

ETRIS (Education and Training Platform in in-vivo sciences)

ETRIS is a collection of over 170 free e-learning resources for professional education and training in lab animal sciences.  It supports the professional education/train-the-trainer courses run by Dr Dave Lewis (University of Leeds, UK) in the emerging world as part of the IUPHAR Integrative and Organ System Pharmacology (IOSP) initiative. 

Delivering student projects remotely

This is a narrated slideset that describes different formats of student projects that can be undertaken remotely. The presentation refers to UK accreditating bodies but the main part, describing different formats of capstone is applicable globally. This resource was provided by Dr Dave Lewis (University of Leeds, UK).

Open-access data repositories

This is a comprehensive list of publicly available datasets from around the world, for use in problem solving/data analysis sessions or UG/PGT projects. Curated by Dr Dave Lewis (University of Leeds, UK).


This is a collection of e-learning resources/simulations that are suitable alternatives to face-to-face practicals or research projects (UGrad or PGT). Curated by Dr Dave Lewis (University of Leeds, UK).


The Guide to IMMUNOPHARMACOLOGY (GtoImmuPdb) is a Wellcome Trust-funded extension to the existing Guide to PHARMACOLOGY (GtoPdb). The development of GtoImmuPdb aims to provide improved data exchange between immunology and pharmacology expert communities, so as to better support research and development of drugs targeted at modulating immune, inflammatory or infectious components of disease.


The Guide To PHARMACOLOGY is designed as a “one-stop shop” portal to pharmacological information. One of the main aims is to provide a searchable database with quantitative information on drug targets and the prescription medicines and experimental drugs that act on them.

The Australasian Society of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicolgists

The Australasian Society of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicolgists (ASCEPT) is the professional and independent Society in Australia and New Zealand with expertise in the use and toxicity of medicines and chemicals. It is affiliated with the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) and the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX).

The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET) is a 5,000 member scientific society whose members conduct basic and clinical pharmacological research and work for academia, government, large pharmaceutical companies, small biotech companies, and non-profit organizations.

The British Pharmacological Society

The British Pharmacological Society (BPS) is a charity with a mission to promote and advance the whole spectrum of pharmacology, and leads the way in the research and application of pharmacology around the world. It has a community of over 3,500 members from more than 60 countries.


Immunopaedia.org.za is a non-profit educational website which aims to promote cutting edge knowledge and research in basic and clinical immunology worldwide. The Immunopaedia team creates online courses and runs interactive regional workshops. The website hosts lectures and relevant resources. All of these components help build knowledge frameworks around immunological concepts which support both course participants and educators in the field of immunology. Immunopaedia is run in partnership with the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) and other bodies.

IUPHAR Mentoring Centers (pilot program)

The Clinical Division of IUPHAR has identified several clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CPT) centers with expertise in specific areas of clinical pharmacology that are willing to provide mentorship and advice to developing clinical pharmacologists and centers. The aim of this pilot program is to establish the demand for and value of providing access to appropriate mentoring centers.

National Prescribing Curriculum (Australia)

The National Prescribing Curriculum (NPC) is a series of case-based modules that mirror the decision-making process outlined in the World Health Organisation's Guide to Good Prescribing. The NPC emphasis is on learners building their own formulary of preferred drugs for specific conditions, enabling them to prescribe confidently and rationally.

Interactive Clinical Pharmacology

The site has been designed to increase understanding of important and sometimes difficult concepts and principles in Clinical Pharmacology. It is not intended to be comprehensive for all aspects of Clinical Pharmacology teaching. It has been developed using HTML5 to enable user interaction. The site is for any student or practitioner requiring Clinical Pharmacology knowledge, e.g. undergraduate and post-graduate students in medicine, pharmacy and pharmacology. A basic understanding of physiology and pharmacology is assumed. Access is free and it contains some fantastic interactive resources.